June 25 2016
Colleges and universities over the United States have been shaken by reports of assault and rape. First off, sexual assault is "any type of sexual contact or behavior that occurs without the explicit consent of the recipient", and includes "forced sexual intercourse, forcible sodomy, child molestation, incest, fondling, and attempted rape according to The U.S. Department of Justice. A study authorized by the Association of American Universities, the results of which were discharged in September 2015, found that more than 27% of female school seniors reported having encountered some type of undesirable sexual contact since entering school. In 2014, President Obama designated the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assaults. A portion of RAINN's (Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network) suggestions incorporates three ways to deal with preventing rape:
(1) Engaging group individuals to act when they see demonstrations of sexual brutality.
(2) Enabling individuals from the group to find a way to protect their own wellbeing.
(3) General training to advance comprehension of the law, especially as it identifies with the capacity to give consent.
One of the creators of a report about sexual assault in American colleges, Sarah DeGue, a behavioral scientist for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, found a high connection between rape and liquor use. Along these lines, school campuses that can checkthe quantity of nearby liquor stores and examples of strategic alcoholism could possiblydecreasethe quantity of assaults. The idea of consent is also a major issue as not all colleges clarify what qualifies as consent and what doesn't to their students. The fact that this is such a huge issue in the country and yet a lot of colleges have not addressed it is a problem in my opinion.
There are so many social norms that facilitate sexual assault and sometimes I feel like the system is not made for victims to get justice. I really don’t understand how the Department of Justice can be satisfied with the job they are doing, considering the fact that 95 % of rapes on college campuses and not reported. The amount of psychological consequences that victims face afteranassaultare rarely talked about in the media. Very few colleges actually try to provide safety for rape victims and a lot of times, rape victims end up seeing their aggressors daily in the campuses. As educational institutions, colleges have a responsibility to protect their students and to create a campus atmosphere that is centered around security and trust but that doesn’t always happen. Colleges are failing to protect their students from sexual assault. Research recommends that students who believe in their school’s policies and trust their professors and staff are more likely to report and look for help with sexual assault related concerns.
Fraternities are well known for facilitating and hosting parties in which drinking hard and casual sex are encouraged, which expands the risk of being raped. This is also due to the fact that they live in all-male residences. Many colleges have gotten rid of their fraternities due to incidents that have affected the school’s reputation. Eighty-six percent of off-campus sexual assault or rapes are at fraternity houses. It is clear according to the NASPA (Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education) that both athletes and fraternities have high rates of rape. Both of these categories of people consume a high amount of alcohol and have a high status in schools.
Lizzy Seeberg committed suicide ten days after reporting to Notre Dame campus police that she had been sexually attacked by a football player. As news of the affirmations spread, Lizzy Seeberg was threatened by the player's fellow team members. "Don't do anything you would regret," one messaged her. "Messing with Notre Dame football is a bad idea." The campus police didn't meet the denounced player until 15 days in the wake of getting Lizzy Seeberg's report, five days after she conferred suicide. This is one the many examples that shows how bad the system is. Since 2010, there have been reports concerning assault and rape by football players at the University of Missouri, Baylor College, the US Naval Academy, University of Texas, Vanderbilt, Appalachian State, and various others.
Another example is a situation that unfurled at Indiana University in 2006, a disciplinary board presumed that a student named Margaux had been a victim of "improper sexual contact." They chose to ban the attacker from the campus for the rest of the summer. After Margaux appealed to this decision, the college, in the end, extended the suspension to an entire year. At that point, Margaux had dropped out to abstain from being on the same grounds as her attacker. It revolts me to go because of incidents like this caused by college officials who are more concerned about their reputation. I really think that when you have committed an act like this, you should be looked at not as a student but as a criminal, which is a crucial word that many college officials seem to forget. The objective, at the end of the day, ought to be to greatly lessen the rate of sexual assault—on college campuses, as well as everywhere else.
Urging students to act when they see a possibly dangerous situation unfurling is one of the various ways that universities are thinking about to improve campus security. In January 2015, Dartmouth College reported one of the boldest diagrams for society change, commanding instruction on counteracting sexual assault each of the four years of school and setting everyone, including students in clubs and organizations, in one of six new residential communities starting in 2016. The school has likewise banned liquor and will require outside security and bartenders at parties and gatherings. This is the kind of thing that families should look at when searching for establishments for the children. The most logical option is to ask the school and discover what is being done to ameliorate prevention. Incoming students at Elon University in North Carolina, for instance, must take a course online before they even get to campus that walks them through the morals of relationships and liquor's impact on conduct.
The definition of consent, which many aggressors use in their favor during trials by stating things such as “she didn’t say no”, is slowly changing in many states of the US. In California, for instance, consenting no more means basically not saying no. A student who is starting sex must get an unambiguous yes, and that is impractical if the student being approached is drunk. New York established its own particular certifiable assent, or "yes means yes," in mid-2015, and New Jersey and Connecticut are thinking about passing comparable bills.
In many ways, I feel like we don’t teach people not to be rapists. We teach people not to be raped and that’s what need to change, especially in an education setting.